Food of the world: a ranking of the most popular culinary traditions
Sooner or later, but each of us begins to understand that culinary preferences do not always bring health benefits. Almost all of the traditional culinary world with a rich history. And it’s safe to call them useful, otherwise they would not have lived to our days. Forbes magazine tried to select from a huge number of useful kitchens most outstanding.
Recognized as the healthy cuisine of Japan, where obesity affects only about 1.5% of the nation, whereas the average age of life is 82 years.
Each of us sooner or later comes to the realization that food should be not only tasty and hearty, but healthy. With a lack of knowledge in this area is a threat to dive in and learn all kinds of power systems, properties of products and sophisticated recipes, all the more so in our information age it is available to everyone.
But there is another way, safer and more enjoyable – the study of the principles of traditional dishes. Almost all traditional cuisine with a rich history can safely be called useful, because otherwise they would not have lived to our days.
Note that this rating is based on the health indicators and life expectancy of the modern population, and they are affected not only food, but also lifestyle and, to some extent, a national character. In addition, not all residents adhere to the traditional eating patterns of their ancestors, and adopt them quite peculiar habits, which, of course, affects their health and lifespan. That is why many extremely useful national cuisine (Russian, Uzbek, Finnish) took prominent places in the ranking of the utility.
The ranking of the most popular culinary traditions
Japanese culinary traditions
First place in the rating of usefulness belongs to Japanese cuisine . through which the Japanese live a long time and practically are not familiar with excess weight and diseases associated with it. Surprising, because in Japanese cuisine very little meat, milk, animal fats and simple carbohydrates.
National cookery widely uses all kinds of cabbage — leaf, until broccoli is well-supplemented by fish and soybean dishes. The main source of carbohydrates is rich in trace elements noodles from buckwheat flour. Probably, not last role is played by the fact that the Japanese do not eat “to satiety”, and it is better to finish a meal when filling the stomach 80%.
The basis of Japanese cuisine – fish, seaweed and other seafood, vegetables, soybeans and rice. Occasionally used pork, chicken and eggs. Fermented vegetables, soy and seaweed provide the body with vitamins and support healthy microflora in the intestine of various fish dishes satisfy the need for proteins and fats. It should be noted that the fish and seafood in Japan buy not frozen, and fresh from the sea.
Minimal cooking (rapid frying, steaming) all the products allows them to save the maximum amount of nutrients. Soybeans to some extent replaces the Japanese milk, cheese, meat. Japanese cuisine is one of the few where still popular soups – vegetable and fish. Every meal is complete without sauces and spices that stimulate digestion: soy sauce, wasabi, pickled ginger.
In Japan, much attention is paid to the seasonality of food. Vegetables and fruit try to eat only in the period of their maturation. Winter and summer table practically do not have the same dishes, with the exception of rice, the staple of Japanese cuisine.
Pay attention to Japanese sweets . They are made with rice flour, fruit juice, and thickening agents extracted from algae, which is very far from our notions of sweet, but it’s for the best, because the excess sugar and fat is not healthy.
From drinks the Japanese prefer green tea. Moreover, the most common tea in Japan is matcha (powder) – allows you not to be limited only by the infusion of tea leaves, and use them fully. Don’t forget about traditional Japanese food: the preservation of the original appearance of products, required the presence on the table 5 flavors and 5 colors, small portions, simple and elegant table setting with lots of plates and gravy boats of different colors and bizarre shapes.Read more