National traditions in Karakalpakstan: wedding, birth of a child
The Karakalpaks and other peoples of Central Asia, have their own customs and traditions. Many of them are rooted in antiquity and originated in the pagan cultures of the Saka nomads, the Pechenegs, the Oghuz. Of course, most belong to the later Islamic culture, but at the same time retain some elements of pagan cultures.
The Karakalpaks have unique customs and rules of conduct on family and community meals, which are strictly followed so far. Like most Eastern Nations, Karakalpaks eat food, according to tradition, sitting on the floor around a tablecloth or tablecloth. Solid food is eaten with the fingers, the broth is served separately in a bowl or Cup. Before the meal pour water on the hands, and then give water to drain with hands. Not supposed to shake the water off the hands after washing, because the spray can get into the food. According to the custom of the first starts are senior in age or position a family member or guest. When the house came the guest, was served with sour milk or buttermilk. The custom of drinking tea began to spread in Karakalpakstan, as well as throughout Central Asia, only by the early nineteenth century.
Maternity is of particular interest is the custom of the Karakalpaks. The birth of a child perform the rites designed to ward off all the troubles and misfortunes. Great attention is paid to choosing a baby name. Usually, the right of choosing a baby name is the most respected member of society, a spiritual leader or elder-elder. Often the names are given in honor of great-grandmothers or great-grandfathers. Among the most common names among the Karakalpaks are the names with the root “Nur” – Nurettin, President, etc.
On the fortieth day after the birth of beshik-TUI is celebrated. After the traditional bathing, the child is put in a beshik, but before he put under the pillow, onions, peppers and a knife that the enemy was ruthless, hot pepper, onion and a sharp knife, put under the feet of the mirror, life was bright, and his face open and beautiful. Also under the pillow, put a large grindstone and bread to the head was hard as a rock, the mind is great like bread, and the eyes were watchful. There is a tradition to sew a variety of charms to clothes young children that no trouble had never touched them in my life.
Karakalpak wedding, like all Turkic-speaking peoples, in several stages, the main of which are: 1) conspiracy; 2) small feast (the patiya) in the bride’s house; 3) the wedding day (the feast in the bride’s house and groom’s house). The arrangement usually takes place at the bride’s home. The groom’s parents give gifts to the bride’s parents. This necessarily should involve elders who must give permission for the marriage. The relatives of the groom must give something white and agree on the dowry.
Parents of the bride and groom after the arrangement, hold Kenes Toi, to which are invited relatives, neighbors, close friends to discuss issues related to the wedding process. After the arrangement, should a small feast (the patiya) in the bride’s house. Costs of holding this feast takes the groom who gives the bride, her parents, family gifts. After patiya Toya bride’s parents pay a visit to the parents of the groom (Ydis city) (literally: dishes back), endows them with gifts.
An integral part of the wedding ritual is the bride’s lament – Seung-soo, expressing the sadness of the girl leaving her father’s house. When the bride arrives at the groom’s house the groom’s mother throws candies at her that the girl was sweet. Then the girl is then escorted into a room that is closed with patterned screen – simillimum, where she is one of the most important ceremonies of the opening of the face – bet Ashar. After, the bride welcomes each guest, bowing to them as the Uzbeks and the ceremony is called Kelin Salom.