The Diploma, coursework, summary – Features and prospects of development of economy of the Asian region
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The PROJECT GEOGRAFII on the topic:
“Features and prospects of economic development of the Asian region”
1) Features of EGP Asia
2) Historical background economic and political development
II the Main part. Regions Of Asia
and. Foreign policy guidelines
b. The growth of Western influence
V. Relations with Russia
and. The main factors of development
b. Japan is the country number 1
4) South and Southeast Asia
V. The increase of exports from the region
5) the Asian development Bank
6) Integration in the region
III the Future of Asia in a globalized world
1) Global development
2) Challenges of the XXI century
3) a Platform for regional dialogue
1) the specific situation of Asia in the modern world.
Asia today is perhaps the most controversial region in the world. Here intersect with established centuries-old traditions and latest trends of modernity.
Asia is the largest portion of light in the world, which occupies nearly a third of all terrestrial land. It is part of the huge Eurasian continent and stretches from Africa and Europe in the West to the Pacific ocean in the East. Its Eastern border is made up of a chain of volcanic Islands, representing a dangerous seismic zone. In North-West Asia is limited to the ridges of the Ural and Caucasus mountains. The Northern margin of this part of the world lie far beyond the Arctic circle, mostly in the tundra zone, which is characterized by cold climate and lack of woody vegetation. South through the whole continent stretches a wide strip of evergreen forest – taiga. The latter, in turn, gives way to fertile plains in the West and in the East Asia.
2) Historical background economic and political development.
The most ancient civilizations of the world began to take shape in Asia from the fourth Millennium BC, Their wealth has always attracted traders and invading armies. For centuries peoples such as the Mongols and Turks, created and then lost a great Empire. In the nineteenth century, many Asian countries were colonized by Europeans. The new rulers were enriched at the expense of its colonies, but did not help them to develop their own industry.
In the twentieth century in Asian countries has undergone fundamental social change. Many colonies became free from the oppression of Europeans and created a sovereign state such as, for example, India and Jordan. Of the country, where huge masses of the poor were under the rule of a wealthy minority, have adopted Communist ideas. The Communist government regulates the cost of goods and labor, and forcibly drew all private property in the state. They were guided by the idea that both labor and income from labor should be shared equally among all people. However, the spread of communism often led to wars with capitalist countries, where private producers could have private property and to regulate all prices. In 1991 the Communist regime in the Soviet Union collapsed and with the collapse of the Soviet Union, its former republics (such as Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan) became a sovereign state. In some Asian countries still preserved the Communist regime, although some recently first democratic elections were held.