Traditions of Japan (course)
Appeared in the early XX century is the antithesis of “Japanese — Western” is present in all cultural studies about Japan. It is not only the leitmotif of the research, but also methodological imperative, mandating the need for a completely new, different from existing in modern science methods for the study and analysis of culture.
In the early 30-ies there appeared a book by Bruno Taut, German architect “Houses and people of Japan”. Which is a massive slice of Japanese culture of the period.
Great value represented also grade, Embry and teamwork “Village Japan”. In these works gives a comprehensive picture of the life of rural Japan’s population in certain age.
In 60-ies of the domestic researcher A. S. Arutyunov was published the book “the Modern life of the Japanese.”
Studies that discussed the historical aspect of the change in one cultural phenomenon — in shelter, clothing or agriculture, very much. First of all, it studies the Japanese themselves. Japanese ethnographic science, we can identify several clearly demarcated areas. One of them, “minzokugaku”, or the science of folk customs, presented by the school of Yanagida Kunio. Scientists from the school of Yanagida study of beliefs, rites, forms of traditional folk art. The attention of researchers of this group mainly facing to the past, in modern life they are interested in mainly archaic remnants.
The other direction is also called “minzokugaku”, but is written differently (science of peoples). Representatives of this trend, among which stand out by eiichiro Ishida, Yawata Ichiro, Oka Masao Obayashi and Packaging, focusing on theories of Ethnography and the Ethnography of the peoples of the world; in the Japanese they are interested primarily with issues of ethnogenesis, as in modern life — first of all, phenomena that could serve as indicator of ethnic ties.
The third area is sociology “sakigake”. Japanese sociologists are employed mainly in the study of the historical development of different forms of family and social organizations of Japanese, patterns of relationship of individuals in society and their current state.
More widely the issues of Ethnology, social science and betuweline in Japan studied by researchers-the Japanese studies of other countries, mainly English-speaking countries. A lot of works belongs to Russian researchers. Thus, in geographical, historical, cultural works of pre-revolutionary Russian and Soviet scientists (D. N. Anuchina, N. V. Kuner, N. I. Conrad, E. M. Zhukov, D. pozdneeva, K. M., Popova, etc.) contain valuable observations and generalizations that are directly related to issues of Japanese consumer culture.
references (Japanese Tradition):