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Traditions and customs of Japan

Traditions and customs of Japan

The population of Japan (125 million) and 99.4% Japanese, and Koreans, Ainu, etc. nationality.

The official language is Japanese. Also a widespread knowledge of English and Chinese languages. Writing is about 5000 characters (kanji).

Japanese language and writing

The Japanese language has always been an important part of Japanese culture. The majority of the population speaks Japanese. The Japanese language is one of the most difficult to study. Some of the words in the Russian language were taken from the Japanese language, such as tsunami, sushi, karaoke, samurai.

Theatre

One of the earliest forms of theatre became the theatre but (“talent, skills”) that developed in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the actors played in masks and luxurious costumes. In the XVII century formed one of the most famous kinds of Japanese traditional theater — Kabuki (“song, dance, skill”), the actors of this theatre were men, their faces were disguised in a complicated way.

Architecture

Japanese architecture has as long a history as any other part of Japanese culture. In General, Japanese architecture is characterized by the desire for simplicity. Traditional wooden houses of Japanese people, called minka, and the most suitable to the climate of the country. Minka has a frame structure with a bearing column in the center of the house and sliding doors. Currently minka is preserved only in rural areas.

Was distinguished by its originality of Japanese castles, served not only to protect their owners from enemies, but also a symbol of power.

Matsumoto Castle

Himeji Castle

Clothing

In Japan you can find two types of clothing — traditional — wafuku and more easy, everyday, on the European model. Kimono literally means “clothing, dress” — the General term for any garment, and narrow — kind of wafuku.

National kitchen

Japanese cuisine is known for its emphasis on seasonality of food, quality of ingredients and presentation. The Foundation of Japanese cuisine is rice. The Japanese use rice for cooking various dishes, sauces and even drinks. Recently Japanese cuisine is quite popular outside of Japan, also because of its low calorie content it is considered good for health.

Tea ceremony

The formation of the tea ceremony (oil) as one of the greatest phenomena of Japanese culture emerged under the influence of aesthetics and philosophy of Zen Buddhism and sought to counter the mood of despair is the worship of beauty.

According to the Japanese, tea ceremony cultivates simplicity, naturalness, neatness. This is certainly true, but in the tea ceremony concluded, and much more. Attaching people to the exactly prescribed ritual, it teaches them to strict order and unconditional execution of social rules.

Sakura

Sakura is not just a tree. This tree is a symbol. The symbol of Japan, a symbol of beauty and youth. Cherry blossom is Japanese national holiday. Forecasters are forecasting the timing of cherry blossom.

Origami

Paper lantern and the crane became the symbol of Japan for many generations of Europeans. The ability to fold paper figures became a sign of good taste and refined manners.