Girls holiday in Japan has several names: Momo-but sekku (feast of the flowering peach), Jesi-but sekku (the Celebration of the first day of the snake) and Hina-Matsuri (doll Festival). Previously it was celebrated on the third day of the third month as a seasonal event. In this day and perform the ritual of getting rid of illnesses and misfortune – Hina-okuri, which was made paper dolls nagashi-Bina (“dolls, lowered for the river”), which were thrown into the river, so they took away all unhappiness.
Dolls in Japan was considered not toys, and symbolic images of gods or people that bring good to people, repel the forces of evil, disease and natural disasters, preserve peace and tranquility in the home. Paper dolls were replaced by clay and wooden, and they are no longer thrown into the river, and kept at home, placing on the shelves.
Earlier the feast was celebrated only at court and among the military class, but it soon became widespread. In the eighteenth century, the girls Festival has gained national status. It then became the custom to arrange the exhibition a richly dressed dolls, which are placed on a special stand, consisting of three, five and seven steps, covered Continue reading
The Karakalpaks and other peoples of Central Asia, have their own customs and traditions. Many of them are rooted in antiquity and originated in the pagan cultures of the Saka nomads, the Pechenegs, the Oghuz. Of course, most belong to the later Islamic culture, but at the same time retain some elements of pagan cultures.
The Karakalpaks have unique customs and rules of conduct on family and community meals, which are strictly followed so far. Like most Eastern Nations, Karakalpaks eat food, according to tradition, sitting on the floor around a tablecloth or tablecloth. Solid food is eaten with the fingers, the broth is served separately in a bowl or Cup. Before the meal pour water on the hands, and then give water to drain with hands. Not supposed to shake the water off the hands after washing, because the spray can get into the food. According to the custom of the first starts are senior in age or position a family member or guest. When the house came the guest, was served with sour milk or buttermilk. The custom of drinking tea began to spread in Karakalpakstan, as well as throughout Central Asia, only by the early Continue reading
China is the largest in Eastern Russia. A population of a billion people. In a short period of time China has experienced a powerful impetus to economic development and now ranks second largest GDP. Recently this country was regarded as obsolete, but in the decade became a world power.
Influence on Chinese culture has had existing religions: Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. Also in China there Professor of Christianity and Islam.
China is the world’s only Communist country. Moreover, the Chinese could achieve a combination of capitalism with communism, which led to prosperity.
Mongolia has a long border with Russia almost 3.5 thousand kilometers. This country is in many ways an amazing and extraordinary. In one part of the state you can contemplate the mountains, rolling plains, and the other by sandy deserts. Climate, vegetation and the world were formed under the influence of taiga forests and deserts.
Most of Mongolians are Buddhists. However, preserved in some parts of the country shamanism. The number of people professing Islam, due to the presence of a large number of Kazakhs, who immigrated to Mongolia. In the country about 50 thousand Christians.
The basis of Mongolian culture – nomadism. Many families still live this lifestyle. Created seasonal special school to receive education, Continue reading