Iran is a vast plateau, Central part of which is barren desert with a pronounced continental climate. More conducive to the development of the economy and culture of the oases located along surrounding the highlands of the mountain ranges and irrigated by small rivers and streams. In the North of the plateau rises a system of Elbrus. To adjoin the Turkmen-Khorasan mountains, a Northern branch of which passes on the territory of Central Asia and is called the Kopet-Dagh. From the West and the South-East highlands protect the Zagros and South-Iranian mountains. In ancient times on the slopes of all these mountains were green with rich forests, yielding timber wood. On the elevated areas barley grows in the wild and is still found mountain goats and sheep. In most parts of Iran, agriculture requires irrigation, the use of all water resources small rivers, running down from the mountains and streams, and even seasonal streams. Relatively well provided with water southwest of Iran in Khuzestan, where the rivers karok language and Cerha, and the dry subtropical climate and fertile soil enable us to obtain large yields. Of minerals other than oil, in ancient times, almost not used, there are deposits of copper, iron and silver.
The territory of Central Continue reading